Types of Designs and their usage

Job Titles and Responsibilities
By Rohan
About Types of Designs and their usage

Types of Designs and their usage

In this lesson, the main focus will be to identify the different types of Designs used in constructions and also to highlight their usage, this lesson is important so that students can familiarize themselves with these words in English see how they are written, listen to the proper pronunciation, and also practice role-plays on how to use them properly in sentence form. Students will also get a firsthand look at Intensifiers, adverbs providing emphasis and will learn why they are used and the effect they create when they are being used.

Csi Master format

The CSI Master Format is a system of numbers and titles for organizing construction information into a regular, standard order or sequence. By establishing a master list of titles and numbers Master Format promotes standardization and thereby facilitates the retrieval of information and improves construction communication. It provides a uniform system for organizing information in project manuals, for organizing project cost data, and for filing product information and other technical data

construction documents    (cdphase)

Detailed plans indicating how to construct the physical spaces of a building – or All drawings, specifications and addenda associated with a specific construction project.

constructability review

Review of plans and specifications either by a contractor or third party reviewer to ensure accuracy and proper detail of the construction plans.

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Designs 

Sustainable design through use of materials, construction practices, efficient building design, etc.

Preliminary Desingn (PD Phase)

Further developed plans showing physical spaces and attributes such as doors, windows, walls, etc.

Schematic Design (SD Phase)

Conceptual plan showing locations of program space at scaled size


A detailed, exact statement of particulars, especially statements prescribing materials and methods; and quality of work for a specific project. The most common arrangement for specifications substantially parallels the CSI (Construction Specification Institute) format. (see CSI)

Intensifiers are adverbs or adverbial phrases that strengthen the meaning of other expressions and show emphasis. Words that we commonly use as intensifiers include absolutely, completely, extremely, highly, rather, really, so, too, totally, utterly, very and at all: She was so upset. I felt extremely sorry for her.

step 1

How to use Intensifiers

Intensifiers can be adverbs, adjectives, or adverbial phrases. We’ve learned that they strengthen the meaning of other expressions and show emphasis. Therefore, you would use them in instances where you’d like to emphasize an emotion in a phrase or a sentence.

Here are some more examples:

  • Today’s lesson was interesting.
    Today’s lesson was incredibly interesting!
  • That handbag is expensive.
    That handbag is very expensive.
  • Today was a cold day.
    Today was such a cold day.
step 2

Popular Intensifiers 

  • absolutely
    I have absolutely no desire to own a pet.
  • at all
    I don’t like artichokes at all.
  • completely
    Don’t worry about it, it’s completely okay.
  • extremely
    This garage is extremely messy.
  • really
    This book is really boring.
  • super
    This coffee is super hot.
  • very
    That’s a very pretty necklace.
  • totally
    He was totally embarrassed because he forgot his keys.
  • too
    It was too windy to go outside.
  • so
    He is so kind to me.
  • step 3

    Using Intensifiers in Writing 

    Most of the time, you should only use intensifiers when you are speaking. If you are writing formally, for business or in academic writing, it can be considered a lazy way to write. It’s better to choose a strong adjective when you are writing. For example:

    That pie is really good.

    This is pretty casual and not a good sentence for formal writing. Instead, choose a strong adjective and don’t use an intensifier.

    That pie is delicious.

    Delicious is a strong adjective that means really good. Here’s another example:

    The meeting was very long.
    The meeting was unending.


    step 4

    Why should I use Intensifiers?

    You can express yourself more clearly with intensifiers, and your speech will also sound more natural. Intensifiers are an important way to show emotion. They can also help you sound more fluent, even if you don’t feel like you are fluent at all! But be careful – intensifiers should not be used too much! Use a few of your favorite intensifiers here and there, just not in every sentence! Watch how your fluency totally blossoms!

    Ready to learn?

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